For the organization to have the opportunity to exist in the future, it is necessary to recognize the business prospects. Only after determining the possibilities of the business, as well as the directions and methods of its evolution, one can talk about specific strategies for growth and competition. To be able not only to assess the prospects of business correctly but also its ability to reach these goals, it is necessary to ensure or initially lay the maximum transparency and manageability. As a result, it will lead to real justification of decision-making. In the digital age, this is not a big deal.
After realizing the specific goal and objectives of the business, the client comes to XB Software for project outsourcing development. What contract models to choose depends on the task that we want to solve together. Still, as to sort out all IT outsourcing pricing models can be rather tricky, we will analyze the most widely used.
Time and Material vs Fixed Price Principles
Fixed price contract vs time and material difference for a client lies between the categories.
- Project Scope is firmly fixed and is not subject to change during development. Detailed project scope is developed and approved before the work starts, what delays the project start.
- The time frame and the number of working hours required for development are strictly determined.
- The FP contract price includes all known risks that can happen during project performance. These risks may occur or may not. Still, the customer always pays for them. In case the risk arises, XB Software takes care of it without extra payment from the client’s side.
Тime and Materials
- The project scope contains general objectives of the project. There is a possibility of making changes during product development.
- The path to the embodiment is divided into major challenges which are split into smaller tasks. We move forward to that objective, stage by stage perform tasks one by one. Detailed specifications are worked out on each step, taking into account the need to achieve the main goals. On the go, it’s possible to correct the development process in case the customer’s requirements change depending on the market, new coming challenges, deadlines, and other factors.
- Under TM contract, the customer will pay only for real project work. One doesn’t overpay for the risks which may not occur, but in case they take place, contrary to FP, it’s the customer who bears additional costs.
What contract model is better to choose for the achievement of your particular target, it will become apparent after analysis of a few examples below.
For a startup with an absolutely innovative idea, it’s better to sign a fixed price contract and develop a minimum viable product (MVP) to test it. It will have minimum features, but sufficient to satisfy the first consumers. The main task is to obtain feedback for the formation of hypotheses for further development. To understand how projects are estimated, you may read additionally “How to estimate the cost of fixed-price projects.” If the idea is viable and in demand, then further development is better to do according to time and materials contract taking into account incoming customer requests, requirements, etc.
For a startup that wants to develop a product like the existing ones but with the improvements, it’s better to sign a TM. Your direct competitors already have got a stronger position in the market and may react dramatically fast to change their products to outcompete you. The possibility to alter quickly and adapt to market trends, fix bugs and add features is a substantial advantage TM gives.
If you need automation of some particular process that stably works and doesn’t change over a long time, then this is an FP project.
If you have automated many tasks separately from each other, and you have come to the need to combine everything into one system, the practice shows TM is better. As while implementing new ideas of optimization/analytics/redistribution of information flows/simplification of processes, hidden issues may emerge. It will be cheaper for a customer to pay for their solvation as they occur than to pay for risks or estimated cost of bugs by fixed-price contract that may not even happen.
Where is the misleading
There’s a customer’s common misleading in the reason of why they are unhappy with a TM project. They blame time and materials contract for software development if they have spent money but didn’t achieve the result. Nevertheless, the reason is not on the surface. An experienced team will lead you to your goal at a set time with any form of contract. Practicing a partnership approach vendor will honestly tell you below which budget it’s better not to start your project with any contract type. You can also try a free estimation template to feel more confident at the negotiations.
Read also about different options for how work is be arranged depending on the timeframe, budget, and scope Budget With Float Scope Contract Type